(2) According to Christopher Andrew she was also a secret member of the Communist Party of Great Britain. Agent Hola, as Norwood was called by her Soviet handlers, did not retire until 1972.
We meet too many people fleetingly without getting to know them, as when we are told of the Lawn Road flats that "other famous residents included the sculptor Henry Moore, Agatha Christie's second husband, the archaeologist Max Mallowan, and his colleague at the Institute of Archaeology, the communist prehistorian Gordon Vere Childe". Born in Warsaw, Hilary (Hillel) Nussbaum graduated from rabbinical school and taught at an elementary school. He then became a merchant, possibly under the influence of his father-in-law, the prominent maskil Mosheh Tannenbaum (1795–1849).
(4) Christopher Andrew has claimed that Norwood was "both the most important British female agent in KGB history and the longest serving of all Soviet spies in Britain."
Authorities in Western Europe and the U.S. learned that the KGB had easily intercepted revealing faxes from major defense firms and buried booby-trapped caches of arms, radios and uniforms to help saboteurs. The tale of malevolent spymasters, intricate tradecraft and cold-eyed betrayal reads like a John le Carre novel.
Melita Stedman Norwood, pictured in her thirties, was born in Bournemouth in 1912.
Though Norwood’s employers were suspicious of her ties to the Communist Party, over decades of work they never pinpointed her as a mole. (7) Ursula Beurton later recalled: "Klaus and I never spent more than half an hour together when we met.
Spy hunters and prosecutors got first crack at the papers, and according to Mitrokhin's co-author, Cambridge University historian Christopher Andrew, a dozen probes of old spies are still active. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. In 2013, author Jennie Rooney published a novel, Red Joan, loosely based on Norwood’s life. Asked about his recruitment in 2002, Norwood admitted: ‘I am not going to deny it . How Long Can An African Sideneck Turtle Stay Underwater, On 11 September 1999, Dr David Burke travelled by coach from Leeds to London, to enjoy a frugal Sunday lunch of fish fingers and allotment-grown greens with a lady of 89 called Melita Norwood, and to continue examining the papers of her late father, which are of interest to serious scholars of Tolstoy. And Gaster was a close friend of Norwood's husband Hilary Nussbaum (he later changed his name to Norwood) - himself part of that Russian Jewish diaspora that had fled persecution at the start of the 20th century. He is also able authoritatively to debunk the security services' self-serving efforts to downplay her role and paint her as merely a rather dotty old lady who did a spot of amateur spying.
He can make connections between the Rothsteins and Norwood's father, Latvian émigré Alexander Sirnis, who died the day after Armistice day 1918 while translating Lenin's works into English. Melita Norwood had been betraying British nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union for 40 years, from 1937 to the mid-1970s. English readers were surprised to learn that the most spectacular Soviet agent surviving in the UK was now an octogenarian grandmother.
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