karakorum definition ap world history

This picture shows the canals near the capital of the Song Dynasty, Hangzhou. However, Karakorum was inhabited at the beginning of the 16th century, when Batu-Möngke Dayan Khan made it a capital once again. Among the Masai of East Africa, a group of boys united by a common initiation ceremony, who then moved together through the various "age-grades" and ranks of Masai life. The Mongolian version of the poem is as follows: "Tsogtslon tavih nuruu chuluun tulguur, Zeregtsen zogsoh surleg asriig bosgovoi, Ezen tushmediin honh hengereg ayataihan hanginan duursahad, Echih naran uuliin tolgoigoos dainii agtadiig ugtnam.

Oyiradai Khan (1415–1425) If you're having any problems, or would like to give some feedback, we'd love to hear from you. Also known as the Kipchak Horde.

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Karakorum (Khalkha Mongolian: Хархорум, Kharkhorum; Mongolian Script:ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠬᠣᠷᠣᠮ, Karakorum; Chinese: 哈拉和林) was the capital of the Mongol Empire between 1235 and 1260 and of the Northern Yuan in the 14–15th centuries. ruler of the golden horde; one of Chinggis Khan's grandsons; responsible for the invasion of Russia beginning in 1236. [16], Excavation findings include paved roads, some brick and many adobe buildings, floor heating systems, bed-stoves, evidence for the processing of copper, gold, silver, iron (including iron wheel naves), glass, jewels, bones, and birch bark, as well as ceramics and coins from China and Central Asia. :�8�tH3Ț%L�|����J:�^)&�uʂ}w2��4��+�ʝD%)��h�M zT��ݝ1o7��YBG6Cԝ� ��*�����ت�|s$��P�)���C������^�d�N�=4DY�(s��ުh�S;`��TO�Z���_V+c��m]q(�F^�\���a�����#>LI��C�_/�%��W�N|>q!b�H�BL��kM��Gm�w:�Gi:lѽ�6�Ð���HN�

Karakoram is a Turkic term meaning black gravel.The Central Asian traders originally applied the name to the Karakoram Pass. 20 terms. after the protestant reformation, tax paid by Christians and Jews who lived in Muslim communities to allow them to continue to practice their own religion. The Orkhon valley was a center of the Xiongnu, Göktürk, and Uyghur empires. [3][14], When Kublai Khan claimed the throne of the Mongol Empire in 1260—as did his younger brother, Ariq Böke—he relocated his capital to Shangdu, and later to Khanbaliq (Dadu, today's Beijing). Many brick buildings, 12 shamanistic shrines, and two mosques were once part of the city, which also was an early centre for sculpture, especially noteworthy for its great stone tortoises. One of Genghis Khan's nine ministers the Khitan Yelü Chucai (1190–1244) said the following poem during the ridge raising ceremony of the Tumen Amgalan Ord: "Installed ridge well fit and stone foundation, The parallel placed majestic palace has been raised, When the bells and drums of the Lord and officials sound pleasantly, The setting sun calls the horses of war to itself from the mountain peaks." For general help, questions, and suggestions, try our dedicated support forums. Eriyekhei Mergen Khan (1589–?) The Tarkhan Zenggün Its ruins lie in the northwestern corner of the Övörkhangai Province of Mongolia, near today's town of Kharkhorin and adjacent to the Erdene Zuu Monastery, the probable earliest surviving Buddhist monastery in Mongolia. Karakorum was thence reduced to a mere administrative center of a mere provincial backwater of the Yuan dynasty that was founded in China in 1271. 33 terms. AP World History … Noyan The Erdene Zuu Monastery stands near Karakorum. Start studying Chapter 14 Vocab - AP World History. First hints that Karakorum was located at Erdene Zuu were already known in the 18th century, but until the 20th century there was a dispute whether or not the ruins of Karabalgasun, or Ordu-Baliq, were in fact those of Karakorum. In 1889 the precise location of Karakorum was discovered by two Russian Orientalists working in the area, and in 1948–49 the ruins were explored by members of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.

Chinese novel written during the Yuan Period; indicative of the continued literary vitality of China during Mongol rule. Öljei Temür Khan Bunyashiri (1403–1412) Micheal Walther, Ein idealer Ort für ein festes Lager. the belief that spirits living in animals, plants and natural forces play an important role in daily life. They are part of the upper part of the World Heritage site Orkhon Valley. Yuan was the first dynasty to make Beijing (called Dadu by the Yuan) its capital, moving it there from Karakorum (now in Mongolia) in 1267. *AP and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this web site. Karakorum, ancient capital of the Mongol empire, whose ruins lie on the upper Orhon River in north-central Mongolia. government in control. If you need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web experience team, please use our contact form.

Buyan Sechen Khan (1592–1604) Create your own unique website with customizable templates. ... Karakorum.

boosted economic

Erinchen Jinong (1624–1636), Abtai Sain Khan (1567–1588) nomadic group in africa that spread islam.

opposite of laissez faire. Mergen Jinong (d. 1542) Karakorum (Khalkha Mongolian: Хархорум, Kharkhorum; Mongolian Script: ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠬᠣᠷᠣᠮ, Karakorum; Chinese: 哈拉和林) was the capital of the Mongol Empire between 1235 and 1260 and of the Northern Yuan in the 14–15th centuries. This area is probably also one of the oldest farming areas in Mongolia. Modern day country of Uzbekistan.

Wang, Ukhaantu Khan Toghun-Temur (1368–1370) Karakorum: trade city silk roads mongols: 11: 301060037: Kiev: Trade city in southern Russia established by Scandinavian traders in 9th century; became focal point for kingdom of Russia that flourished to 12th century. Zur Geographie des Orchontals und der Umgebung von Charchorin (Karakorum), in: Hans–Georg Hüttel, Karakorum - Eine historische Skizze, in: Jagar, Bayar, Baatar, Och, Urtogtokh, Wang, Bayartogtokh, J.Saintsogt, Mongol nuudel soyoliin tuuhen murdul (Historical investigation of Mongolian nomadic culture), Uvur Mongoliin surgan humuujliin hevleliin horoo (Educational Printing Committee of Inner Mongolia), Hohhot, 2001. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1267 the capital was moved to Khanbaliq (modern Peking) by Kublai Khan, greatest of the successors of Genghis Khan and founder of the Mongol (Yüan) dynasty (1206–1368) in China. ... AP World History - Mongols Study Set 16 Terms. Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, October 10 from 4–5 PM PT.

Trade city in southern Russia established by Scandinavian traders in 9th century; became focal point for kingdom of Russia that flourished to 12th century. While we strive to provide the most comprehensive notes for as many high school textbooks as possible, there are certainly going to be some that we miss. For the mountain range in India, Pakistan and China, see.

Esen Taishi (1453–1454) Turkic ruler of Muslim Khwarazm kingdom; attempted to resist Mongol conquest; conquered in 1220. … Molon Khan (1465–1466) Basic fighting units of the Mongol forces; consisted of 10,000 cavalrymen; each unit was further divided into units of 1000, 100 and 10. The AP World History Exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes long and includes both a 95-minute multiple-choice and short-answer section (Section I) and a 100-minute free-response section (Section II). (1217 - 1265) Ruler of the Ilkhan khanate; grandson of Chinggis Khan; responsible for capture and destruction of Baghdad in 1257. It was united in 589 C.E and then over throwing in 618 C.E. ��g�E��� Silla dynasty in terms of the map of Korea, and you can see Japan off to the far right lower corner.

Ancient stone tortoise (foreground) and in the distance the monastery of Erdenezuu (Erdene Zuu), Karakorum, north-central Mongolia. Capital of the Mongol empire under Chinggis Khan, 1162 - 1227. Ejei Khan (1634–1635), Altan Khan (1521–1582)

A Christian sect found in Asia; tended to support Islamic invasions of this area in preference to Byzantine rule; cut off from Europe by Muslim invasions, travaled pacific ocean (Hawaii) established agriculture, the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam, Quick-maturing rice that can allow two harvests in one growing season.

Nomadic pastoralists of the Arabian peninsula; culture based on camel and goat nomadism; early converts to Islam. In 1220 Genghis Khan, the great Mongol conqueror, established his headquarters there and used it as a base for his Russian army victory over the forces of the Golden Horde; helped break Mongol hold over Russia. But linguists argue that the 'khorin' might have been a diversion of the word 'khurem', which means "castle" in Mongolian. an ancient nubian kingdom whose rulers contolled egypt between 2000 and 1000 B.C. A Chinese philosophy/popular religion that advocates simplicity and understanding of the world of nature, founded by the legendary figure Laozi. Badma Erdeni Khong Tayiji (1623-1652) Capital of the Mongol empire under Chinggis Khan, 1162 - 1227. After his Soviet-Mongolian excavations of 1948–49, Sergei Kiselyov concluded that he had found the remains of Ögödei's palace. Jorightu Khan Yesüder (1388–1392)? scubadiver500.

Four kilns have also been unearthed. Golden Horde, also called Kipchak Khanate, Russian designation for the Ulus Juchi, the western part of the Mongol empire, which flourished from the mid-13th century to the end of the 14th century. Darayisung Gödeng Khan (1547–1557) According to Saghang Sechen's Erdeni-yin Tobči, in 1415 a khuriltai decided to rebuild it, but no archaeological evidence for such a venture has been found yet. favors the dutch east india company. [4][5], The name Karakorum or "Kharkhorin" literally translates to 'black-twenty'. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay. In 1889, the site was conclusively identified as the former Mongol capital by Nikolai Yadrintsev, who discovered examples of the Orkhon script during the same expedition.

Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Thimphu is the capital city of which country? Karakorum (aka Qaraqorum, modern name: Harhorin) is located in the Orkhon Valley of central Mongolia and was the capital of the Mongol Empire from 1235 to 1263 CE. Elbeg Nigülesügchi Khan (1392–1399) Third son of Chinggis Khan; succeeded Chinggis Khan as khagan of the Mongols following his father's death. The first excavations took place in 1933–34 under D. Bukinich. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).

Capital of the Mongol empire under Chinggis Khan, 1162 - 1227. name of Chinggis Khan when he was a youth; father was poisoned, and he was thrust into a leadership position; camp was raided and he was taken prisoner; escaped, joined a powerful clan; within a decade he had defeated all of his rivals and gained the name Chinggis Khan, Meeting of all Mongol chieftains at which the supreme ruler of all tribes was selected. Golden Horde, Russian designation for the Ulus Juchi, the western part of the Mongol empire, which flourished from the mid-13th century to the end of the 14th century. Shows what the Chu Nom looked like, very close and similar to Chinese symbols and characters.

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